Scientist found HIV virus denied a Nobel Prize
Robert Gallo (USA) and two French colleagues declared finding HIV but due to misunderstanding, Gallo was not awarded the Nobel Prize.
The history of finding HIV is extremely complex. In the early '80s, people knew almost nothing about the mysterious disease that weakened the immune system.
One of the scientists who discovered HIV was Robert Gallo (USA). According to Very Well Health, Gallo was born in 1937. After completing his residency program at the University of Chicago, he moved to the National Cancer Institute of America and worked here continuously for 30 years. The main motivation for him to study cancer was his sister who had died of blood cancer.
Most of Gallo's work at the Institute of Cancer focused on T cells, the key to the body's immune response. As a result, he and his colleagues successfully isolated many viruses that attack T cells, including the T lymphocyte virus, also known as HTLV.
Scientist Robert Gallo in the laboratory. (Photo: BP).
In 1982, information about the mysterious "gay cancer" appeared in the United States. Believing that a certain virus caused a rapid decline in T-cells, Gallo and his colleagues began to study patients and isolate the HTLV-3 virus.
At the same time, Luc Montagnier and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi at the Pasteur Institute (France) are also looking for the cause behind what they call AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). In 1983, two scientists announced the discovery of a lymph node virus (LAV). They conclude this is the cause of AIDS.
In 1986, two HLTV-3 and LAV viruses were confirmed as the same type. The scientific community agrees to call it HIV.
In the same year, Gallo was awarded the Lasker Prize for discovering HIV. However, his reputation was quickly ruined.
In 1989, investigative journalist John Crewdson accused Gallo of not contributing to the HIV detection process but only appropriated LAV samples from the Pasteur Institute. According to Independent, Chigato Tribunel wrote that Gallo focused on another virus and only discovered HLTV-3 on the LAV sample sent by Montagnier himself.
Later, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conducted an investigation and confirmed that Crewdson was completely wrong. The NIH report says Gallo has prepared many viral samples and independently conducted research. The French and American governments also agreed to halve patent rights.
In 2002, in the journal Science, Montagnier and Gallo collaborated on writing an article, which acknowledged each other's contributions. However, by 2008, only Montagnier and Barré-Sinoussi were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
Today, at the age of 81, scientist Gallo continues to work. (Photo: F1000 Blogs).
Despite not being awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine, Gallo has non-stop contributed to his career in HIV / AIDS research. Besides detecting viruses, he also helped develop the first HIV test.
In 1996, Gallo and his co-founder of the Institute of Human Virology and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation donated $ 15 million to the HIV vaccine research effort. In 2011, he founded the Global Virus Network with the aim of promoting cooperation between researchers.